035 Graveís life, doomsday, and gathering in the
Life after death for every one begins with the death of person. "Life after death" consists of some stages, such as, graveís life (barzakh); the whole existing life except for those that Allah wishes, will be destroyed by being blown of first sŻr (qiyamat); resurrection by being blown of second sŻr (ba's); gathering in the presence of Allah (hashr); distribution of the book of records to everyone, in which all records was kept about what he did and said in the world; performing of the accounts (hasap); intercession of good persons in the presence of Allah (prophets, saints, guardians, the martyrs, the righteous persons) for the purpose of forgiveness of guilty Muslims (shafaat); and being taken to heaven or hell to pay in return of what he did in the world (sirat bridge, jannah, jahannam); after the guilty Muslims have served their sentences in hell, being taken to heaven and "eternal life" that will last forever.
If Allah allows me, I will attempt to release the information on this issue basing on the notifications of Quran and Rasulullah (s.a.w).
Dear readers, letís listen to these notifications. Letís not perceive these words as the words of helpless people like us who donít avoid of saying lie for small world interests. Prophets didnít say any lie in their lives. To be truthful (sidk) is one of the main qualities of the prophethood. They were warned by Allah personally, of whom they were messengers, even in the smallest error. Allah allowed them to live every kind of life except for sins and assigned them us as a guide. The life of the prophets is a sample and symbolic life that will provide people to have happy and peaceful life. To be subject to them by believing what they informed us will lead us to salvation. Thatís why we shouldnít underestimate of their notifications. We shouldnít forget our Rab and life after death even for a moment by drifting with the indoctrinations of global media. They try to direct us constantly toward our nafsís desires such as eating, drinking, playing and enjoying. Even though the human lives thousand years, eventually his life gets end with death and eventually he reaches to his Rab. He gives account of his life, every attitude and every word he uttered.
The first halt of life after death is grave. Rasulullah (s.a.w) ordered that:
"Grave is the first of the ranges of life after death. The other stages are easier for the one getting rid of this stage. The other stages are more difficult for the one who couldnít get rid of this stage." [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah]
It is ordered that after the human died and put in grave, two angels, namely Munkar and Nakir will come and ask questions him about Rab, religion, and prophet; believer will answer these questions correctly, but unbeliever wonít be able to. It is ordered in hadith that:
"After queries and answers, the angels of Munkar and Nakir say to dead Muslim that, 'Look at your place in hell, Allah changed your place and conferred you the place in heaven'. Dead Muslim looks at and sees both of these places." [Bukhari]
As it has been comprehended from the words of Rasulullah (s.a.w); grave is an previous application of the case that will arise after doomsday occurrence and giving account; and it is either one of the gardens in heaven or one of the holes in hell. It is ordered in hadiths that:
"Grave is either a garden of Heaven or a hole of Hell." [Tirmidhi]
"The grave of a Muslim is a garden of Heaven." [Tirmidhi]
"In his grave, the Muslim is in a very green garden. It is lightened such as the fourteenth day of moon. The surah of 'Feinne lehŁ me'ÓĢeten danken' notifies unbelievers the torment they will suffer. 99 tinnin torment unbelievers in their graves until doomsday occurrence.Ē [Tirmidhi]
The torment of the grave is one of the issues to believe. It is informed in Beydavi's comment that:
"(We torment them twice) was said in the 101th verse of Tauba surah of Quran. The one of these two torments is graveís torment."
Rasulullah (s.a.w) ordered that:
"The torment of the grave is a truth." [Bukhari]
"Most of torment of grave will be due to urine splash." [Ibn Majah, Nasai]
"Last night I dreamed that somebody was being distressed in his grave. His salah came to rescue him from graveís torment." [Hakim]
"If you could conceal, I would pray God for you to hear the graveís torment." [Muslim, I. Ahmad, Nasai]
"Take refuge with Allah for graveís torment." [Muslim, I. Ahmad]
"Allah created some people to meet the needs of other people. People consult them for their needs. These people are exempt from graveís torment." [Tabarani]
"The martyr is exempt from graveís torment." [Ibn Majah, Bayhaqi]
It is ordered that some Muslims will be taken to Heaven directly without any query:
"Those with patient and sincere in their religious exercises are taken to Heaven directly without giving account." [Tabarani]
"Allah ordered that I had the promise to my servant. If he performs his salah in time and thoroughly, I donít torture him and I take him to Heaven directly without giving account." [Hakim]
"The Muslim without arrogance, betrayal, and right of servant, is taken directly to heaven without giving account." [I. Hibban]
"While people giving account on judgment day, an announcer calls out three times that 'Those with receivable from Allah, stand up and enter to Heaven'. Those hearing that ask 'Who are those with receivable from Allah?' It is answered that 'Those forgiving people.' Upon this word, thousands of people stand up, and enter to Heaven without any query." [Tabarani]
"Allah doesnít ask any question to his servant exposed to disaster, on judgment day." [Hakim]
You will remember that, I mentioned in my previous article about minor and major signs of doomsday. All major signs except for Mahdiís arise, and unbuilding of Kaaba, have been included in the hadith that was informed by Muslim. So as to remind it, I give it below:
"Unless following signs come true, the doomsday will not occur: The sun will rise from west, three grounds will collapse, Jesus will descend from the sky, the smoke, Dabbat-ul-arz, Antichrist, Gog and Magog and existence of a great fire from Aden." [Muslim]
Surely, It is only Allah with infinite knowledge and most accurate information about everything. However, as a your helpless brother, I think that, the most significant sign of occurrence of doomsday is rising of the sun from west, after the occurrence of the signs, such as spreading of abuse, domination of bad people to the world, assuming goodness as malignancy, malignancy as goodness. Because this will mean alteration completely of the existing established order of this material world. Rasulullah (s.a.w) ordered that after occurrence of this most important sign, even people believe God, their faith is inadmissible:
"Unless the sun rises from west, doomsday will not occur. Even if everybody believes in Allah at that time, it will be useless." [Bukhari, Muslim]
"For unbelievers or hypocrites pretending as a believer, believing in Allah after these three things occurred will be useless: Rising of the sun from west, Dajjal and Dabbat al-ardh." [Tirmidhi]
Doomsday will occur by being blown of sŻr by Israfil (a.s). It is ordered in the verses given below from Quran that: All creatures in sky and on earth except for Allah wanted will die when sŻr is blown for the first time, after it is blown for the second time, all creatures lived on earth since from the beginning of life will be resurrected and will gather in the presence of Allah for giving account.
"The Trumpet will (just) be sounded, when all that are in the heavens and on earth will swoon, except such as it will please Allah (to exempt). Then will a second one be sounded, when, behold, they will be standing and looking on!" [Zumar, 68]
"Then, when one blast is sounded on the Trumpet, and the earth is moved, and its mountains, and they are crushed at one stroke, on that Day shall the (Great) Event come to pass. And the sky will be rent asunder, for it will that Day be flimsy." [Haqqa, 13-16]
"And the Day that the Trumpet will be sounded - then will be smitten with terror those who are in the heavens, and those who are on earth." [Naml, 87]
"They will say: 'Ah! Woe unto us! Who hath raised us up from our beds of repose?'... (A voice will say:) 'This is what the Most Gracious had promised. And true was the word of the messengers!'" [Yasin, 52]
Surely, occurrence of doomsday is a just horror moment. Even in this world, established order, we have great trouble when temperature is above or below 15 to 20 degree from our living standards. Imagine the moment a whole layout has changed. This duration is qualified in a verse from the Quran that:
"When the sun (with its spacious light) is folded up; When the stars fall, losing their luster; When the mountains vanish (like a mirage); When the she-camels, ten months with young, are left untended; When the wild beasts are herded together (in human habitations); When the oceans boil over with a swell;" [Takwir, 1-6]
But hadith informed that: Length of the day of doomsday will be felt as short as an obligatory salah by people that Allah wants.
"Allah will make feel length of the day of doomsday as short as an obligatory salah to his servants he wants." [Bayhaqi]
After resurrection, all creatures will gather in the presence of Allah for giving account.
"Assuredly it is thy Lord Who will gather them together: for He is Perfect in Wisdom and Knowledge." [Hijr, 25]
"The trumpet shall be sounded, when behold! from the sepulchers (men) will rush forth to their Lord!" [Yasin, 51]
"It will be no more than a single Blast, when lo! they will all be brought up before Us!" [Yasin, 53]
"all shall come to Him in utter humility." [Naml, 87]
Those who don't believe in Allah by being unable to see him with their heartís eye while living on earth, and not mentioning Him will gather in the life after death as a blind:
"On the Day of Judgment We shall gather, them together, prone on their faces, blind, dumb, and deaf: their abode will be Hell:" [Isra, 97]
"But whosoever turns away from My Message, verily for him is a life narrowed down, and We shall raise him up blind on the Day of Judgment." [Ta-ha, 124]
Also, everybody will gather in the presence of Allah with their sincere companions. Rasulullah ordered that:
"Person gathers in the presence of Allah with his sincere companion. Those having sincerity with unbelievers will gather with unbelievers. His good religious performance will not benefit him." [Tabarani]
The good people helping to the Muslims will gather with prophets.
"Those helping the Muslim with word and walking one step for him will doubtless gather in the presence of Allah with prophets in the judgment day and gain the sawab (reward) of the 70 martyrs." [Hatib]
"The one with crowded household and insufficient livelihood and performing his salah in accordance with its rules, and not criticizing the Muslim maliciously will gather in the presence of Allah with me." [M. Masumiyya]
"The one informing Muslim community about forty hadiths explaining haram and halal things for the consent of Allah will gather in the presence of Allah as a scholar.Ē [Abu Nuaim]
There, everybody will be treated according to their religious performance in the world.
"After getting out of grave, (according to the religious performance in the world) people will gather in the presence of Allah with vehicle, pedestrian, creeping or face down." [Hakim]
I wish Rab to let us to stand beside good people both in the world and in the Hereafter!
Be entrusted to Allah.
Dr. Ismail Ulukus