015 Belief in Holy Books
The third pillar of faith is belief in Allah's books. It is ordered in the verse from the Quran that:
"And who believe in the Revelation sent to thee, and sent before thy time;" [Baqarah, 4]
We must believe in Quran which was given to Rasulullah (a.s.) and Torah, Psalms, Bible and booklets that were given to previous messengers. We must believe, accept and approve that all of their content (as words, order and meaning) are from Allah (swt) and belong to Allah (swt). If the belief, acceptance and approval include doubts then the belief will be imperfect. Rasulullah ordered that:
"The sinners suffer in the Hell as much as the disorder in their belief." [Hakim]
"Allah (swt) sent four main heavenly books and a hundred booklets to the earth. All of them were brought by Gabriel. It was stated in the hadiths that ten booklets were given to Adam (a.s.), fifty booklets to Shit (a.s.), thirty booklets to Idris (a.s.) and ten booklets to Ibrahim (a.s.). Torah was given to Moses (a.s.) and the Psalms was given to David (a.s.); Isa (a.s.) received the Bible; and the Mohammed Rasulullah, the last prophet, received the Quran."
Even though there are not many information on the booklets; Quran includes clear statements on the four main heavenly books. It is ordered in the verses from the Quran that:
"We made some prophets to excel others: and We gave to David the Psalms." [Isra, 55]
"It was We who revealed the Torah (to Moses)" [Maída, 44]
"And in their footsteps We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Torah that had come before him: We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light, and confirmation of the Torah that had come before him: a guidance and an admonition to those who fear Allah." [Maída, 46]
"This Quran is not such as can be produced by other than Allah. On the contrary it is a confirmation of (revelations) that went before it, and a fuller explanation of the Book - wherein there is no doubt - from the Lord of the Worlds." [Yunus, 37]
Allah (swt) ordered about the Suhuf (pages, leaflets) that:
"And this is in the Books of the earliest (Revelation); The Books of Abraham and Moses." [Ala, 18-19]
Dear Readers, heavenly books are an appearance of speaking attribute of Allah (swt). These books and booklets are mercy resources which were transmitted to the human by the messengers from Him. Therefore, we must believe in all of these heavenly books and booklets without any hesitations. We must accept and approve that all of their contents are true, real and sent by Allah (swt). All of the books and booklets are the guidance of goodness and happiness. As it is clearly understood from the verses of Quran that each following book was sent to verify, explain and correct the wrong interpretations and practices of the previous one and include some new provisions according to the development of the people. Obeying the last book is maturity. Therefore, we must try to get happiness in the world and Hereafter by being subject to the last book, Quran.
The religion, which was ordered by all messengers since Adam (a.s.), is Islam, because there are not any religion in the sight of Allah (swt). It is ordered in the verse from the Quran that:
"The Religion before Allah is Islam (submission to His Will): Nor did the People of the Book dissent therefrom except through envy of each other, after knowledge had come to them." [Al Imran, 19]
The religion, which is based on approving and accepting the existence, oneness and ownership and dominance of Allah (swt) on all the worlds He created, is called "tawhid religion" (religion of oneness). The core of this religion is believing in the unique and one Allah (swt) who has no partners and everything He ordered via His messengers; accepting and approving Him; being subject and surrendered to Him. Being subject and surrendered to Allah (swt) means obeying His will, wishes and desires and behaving in accordance with His orders.
In fact, the wishes and desires of Allah (swt) is the basic source of a person's eternal happiness. It is a mercy for human. What can Allah (swt) ask for Himself from His powerless servants, while He created everything, He needs nothing but everything depends on Him? Allah created human as an honorable creature and bestowed on them a lot of favor. He wishes to bring us the highest levels of maturity, raise us to the level of a perfect human and, thus, complete His mercies, with the commands that were ordered in His books.
It is ordered in the verse from the Quran that:
"Allah doth not wish to place you in a difficulty, but to make you clean, and to complete his favor to you, that ye may be grateful..." [Maída, 6]
I wish we could have fulfilled the wishes of Allah (swt) by recognizing His mercy.
Dear Readers, the provisions of Allah (swt), which are the sources of mercy, were ordered to human with the books He sent to messengers via Gabriel (a.s.). People were asked to believe in the unique and single Creator, Allah (swt), who has no partners, His angels, Books, Messengers, everything was created by Him, everything was designed, organized and shaped in accordance with their purposes of creation, Hereafter and the great Judgment Day in all the books and booklets. Preventing lie, adultery, killing unjustly, harming others' goods and lives, cheating in measurement and weighing were notified as parameters of a true life style, which will bring people to goodness, besides being good to parents and visiting relatives and friends. The religion in all of the books which stated the provisions of Allah (swt) is "Islam". All of these books are books of Islam.
The last book is Quran, notifying the provisions that will be obeyed for all eternity by the humanity, which was sent in the most developed period of the human. Quran is a totally miracle book. Anyone who studies Quran can immediately realize it. When polytheists asked for miracles, Allah (swt) ordered that:
"And is it not enough for them that we have sent down to thee the Book which is rehearsed to them?" [Ankabut, 51]
Allah (swt) ordered for Quran:
"And thou hadst not expected that the Book would be sent to thee except as a Mercy from thy Lord." [Qasas, 86]
"The (Quran) is indeed a reminder, for thee and for thy people;" [Zukhruf, 44]
"This is (true) Guidance and for those who reject the Signs of their Lord." [Jathiya, 11]
"And no reward dost thou ask of them for this: it is no less than a Message for all creatures." [Yusuf, 104]
"We have put forth for men, in this Quran every kind of Parable, in order that they may receive admonition." [Zumar, 27]
Be entrusted to Allah.
Dr. Ismail Ulukus