009 The Personal Attributes of Allah must never be harmed
Allah (swt) partially and symbolically bestowed some of His "Subuti" Attributes as seeing, hearing, speaking, .. and some of His moral characteristics as mercy, grace, fairness and patience to His servants. However these attributes of Allah (swt) can never be compared with the characteristics of what He created. Each attribute of Allah (swt) is away from deficiencies. They are perfect and complete.
The "Personal Attributes" of Him must never be harmed because these attributes do not exist in any other living or non-living creatures even partially or symbolically. Let's remember again: These are Wujud (existence), Qidam and Baqa (Eternal existence in the past and future), Wahdaniyyah (Oneness), Qiyam bi nafseehee (He is self-existent without any needs) and Mukhalafatun lil hawadith (He never resemble the things He created).
Materialists deny His existence by supposing the universe, which was created and organized by Allah (swt) infinite and eternal, in other words by harming Wujud, Qidam and Baqa attributes of Allah (swt) without any evidences.
The pagan people who believe in other things rather Allah (swt) fall into unbelief by harming all the personal attributes of Allah (swt).
"Not a messenger did We send before thee without this inspiration sent by Us to him: that there is no god but I; therefore worship and serve Me." [Anbiyaa, 25]
"They serve, besides Allah, things that can hurt them not nor profit them, ... Glory to Him! and far is He above the partners they ascribe (to Him)!" [Yunus, 18]
"O men! Here is a parable set forth! Listen to it! Those on whom, besides Allah, ye call, cannot create (even) a fly, if they all met together for the purpose! And if the fly should snatch away anything from them, they would have no power to release it from the fly. Feeble are those who petition and those whom they petition!" [Hajj 73]
Some of the Jews and Christians believe that Allah has children; they harm Mukhalafatun lil hawadith (He never resemble the things He created) attributes of Allah (swt) and so they become devoid of true faith.
"The Jews call Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!" [Tauba, 30]
"Certainly they disbelieve who say: "Allah is Christ the son of Mary." But said Christ: "O Children of Israel! worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord." Whoever joins other gods with Allah, Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire will be his abode. There will for the wrong-doers be no one to help." [Maída, 72]
"They say: "Allah hath begotten a son!" Glory be to Him! He is Self- Sufficient! His are all things in the heavens and on earth! No warrant have ye for this! Say ye about Allah what ye know not?" [Yunus, 68]
Had Allah wished to take to Himself a son, He could have chosen whom He pleased out of those whom He doth create: but Glory be to Him! (He is above such things.) He is Allah, the One, the Over powering." [Zumar, 4]
"For it is not consonant with the majesty of the Most Gracious that He should beget a son. Not one of the beings in the heavens and the earth but must come to the Most Gracious as a servant." [Maryam, 92-93]
Some Christians fall into unbelief by harming Wahdaniyyah (oneness) attribute of Allah (swt).
"They disbelieved who say: Allah is one of three (in a Trinity): for there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous chastisement will befall the disbelievers among them." [Maída, 73]
Some of the people prostrate to Sun, Moon and fire rather than Allah (swt). It is ordered in the verse from the Quran that:
"Among His Sings are the Night and the Day, and the Sun and the Moon. prostrate not to the Sun and the Moon, but prostrate to Allah, Who created them, if it is Him ye wish to serve." [Fussilat, 37]
The belief of oneness (tawhid), which means accepting that Allah is unique in His existence, attributes, works and godship, constitutes the basic of Islam religion. The violation of this basic belief is called "shirk". Shirk is the first of the big sins. It is the biggest sin. Therefore, the belief of "oneness" must never be harmed. It is ordered in the verses from the Quran that:
"Being true in faith to Allah, and never assigning partners to Him." [Hajj, 31]
"Take not, with Allah, another object of worship, lest thou shouldt be thrown into Hell, blameworthy and rejected." [Isra, 39]
"Say thou: "I am but a man like you: it is revealed to me by inspiration, that your God is One God. so take the straight path unto Him, and ask for His Forgiveness." And woe to those who join gods with Allah." [Fussilat, 6]
"Allah forgiveth not that partners should be set up with Him; but He forgiveth anything else, to whom He pleaseth; to set up partners with Allah is to devise a sin most heinous indeed." [Nisaa, 48]
The holly book with the most beautiful statements, Quran, which is the basic and perfect source of Islam and protected by Allah (swt), includes the numerous emphases of this basic principle.
"Yet there are men who take (for worship) others besides Allah, as equal (with Allah): They love them as they should love Allah. But those of Faith are overflowing in their love for Allah. If only the unrighteous could see, behold, they would see the penalty: that to Allah belongs all power, and Allah will strongly enforce the punishment." [Baqarah, 165]
Dear readers, shirk can sometimes be hidden which is of high importance as it leads us to disaster.
When Rasulullah (s.a.w) ordered that: "What I fear most about you is small shirk."
The companions of Rasulullah asked: "What is small shirk?"
Rasulullah ordered that: "It is hypocrisy, worshipping to show the others. While Allah (swt) gives back the performances of everyone, He says to people who worship to show the others: Go to people who you made shows in the world and see if they have anything with them to give you." [Ahmed b. Hanbel, Musned, V, 428]
When worship is performed to show the others, the godhead right of Allah (swt), who is unique in existence, attributes, performance and divinity, is harmed. It is ordered in the verse from the Quran that:
"O my son! join not in worship (others) with Allah: for false worship is indeed the highest wrong-doing." [Luqman, 13]
In the Qudsi Hadith, it is stated that:
"I am the one who can never be set up partners with. If the person sets up partners with me, I let the person with the ones whom they set up partners with me." [Muslim]
Be entrusted to Allah.
Dr. Ismail Ulukus