001 Faith and Unbelief
The human beings live in an "order" that we call the universe. This organization has a unique and perfect structure. Everything is created in its proper place, given a creation purpose, equipped in accordance with the creation purpose, and correlated in the best way within the order.
This "order" is a physical structure that can be seen and felt so; there are not any problems in the understanding of the order. The real problem is understanding the creator and organizer of the order, because the Creator, organizer and ruler of the order does not resemble the order. He cannot be seen or touched. Therefore, understanding of Allah (Swt) can only be possible by mind.
Faith and Unbelief is in fact the problem of comprehending "the owner of the order". The hadith ordered that:
"A person without mind doesn't have faith." [Tirmidhi]
"The mind is a part of faith." [Bayhaqi]
On the other hand, everything in the order is mortal. Their existences depend on their Creator's will. The changeless reality is the One who creates, manages, and enables its continuity; briefly, "the owner of the order". The main and absolute reality is He.
Faith and Unbelief, which can only be comprehended by mind, is the meaning of comprehending this ultimate reality in religion terminology. Faith means accepting this reality, believing, and trusting, while Unbelief means not accepting and ignoring this reality.
Allah (swt), who is the creator and owner of the order, has not left everything to the perception of the weak human, but informed the humankind of His existence with His Messengers. Allah (swt) both informed the human about the creatures that cannot be perceived by five senses, about the orders and prohibitions, and conveyed the provisions that will carry the human to the best level of maturity and make him happy in the world and hereafter. If a person does not accept the existence of his Creator and ignore Allah (swt), it is certainly not forgivable.
Therefore, "Unbelief" is the most unpleasant behavior and "Faith" is the most pleasant behavior for Allah (swt). It is ordered in the verses from the Quran that:
"As to those who reject faith, I will punish them with severe agony in this world and in the Hereafter, nor will they have anyone to help." [Al Imran, 56]
"As to those who believe and work righteousness, Allah will pay them (in full) their reward; but Allah loveth not those who do wrong." [Al Imran, 57]
May Allah (swt) make us amongst the ones who can comprehend His existence, not the cruel people who ignore the truth.
If there is a "production", it is a logical necessity that there is an "operative" who created the production. If there is an "organization", there must be an "organizer" that enables the organization. If there are rules, there must be a "rule maker". As regards to the universe we live in, it is a perfect production and a unique order that works with perfect rules. While the simplest productions must have producers, is it possible to think that a perfect order can be without an organizer?
Therefore, there is a logical and mental necessity to accept the existence of Allah (swt).
Throughout history, with a few exceptions almost the entire human believed in a Creator because of this logical necessity. However, the imagination of the Creator is different for all people and everybody imagined a "God" in accordance to their understanding. Some people idolized, some consider as having daughters and sons, while some people thought that the Sun or the Moon is God.
We must know Allah (Swt) as He introduces Himself. The most trustable resources are Quran and authentic Hadiths, on this subject.
Several companions of Muhammad served as scribes and were responsible for writing down the revelations. Quran was memorized by hundreds of hafizs. Gabriel alayhissalaam and Rasulullah verified by reading face to face in every Ramadan month, every year. The control continues yet during Ramadan within reciprocations at mosques by all of the Muslims. Also Quran was recited in every prayers of all Muslims in every place and every time. Therefore, any fault or mistake cannot be included in Quran. Even a small mistake will become evident immediately.
Quran is the last divine book. Quran is the most accurate and securest divine resource.
Allah (swt) ordered for Quran that:
"We have, without doubt, sent down the Message; and We will assuredly guard it (from corruption)." [Hijr, 9]
Quran had corrected the previous God belief:
"Say: He is Allah, the One." [Ikhlas, 1]
"He begetteth not, nor is He begotten." [Ikhlas, 3]
"And there is none like unto Him." [Ikhlas, 4]
"No son did Allah beget, nor is there any god along with Him: (if there were many gods), behold, each god would have taken away what he had created, and some would have lorded it over others! Glory to Allah. (He is free) from the (sort of) things they attribute to Him." [Muminun, 91]
"They say: "(Allah) hath begotten a son" :Glory be to Him.-Nay, to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him." [Baqarah, 116]
"They disbelieved who say: Allah is one of three (in a Trinity): for there is no god except One God. If they desist not from their word (of blasphemy), verily a grievous chastisement will befall the disbelievers among them." [Maida, 73]
"The Jews call Uzair a son of Allah, and the Christians call Christ the son of Allah. That is a saying from their mouth; (in this) they but imitate what the unbelievers of old used to say. Allah's curse be on them: how they are deluded away from the Truth!" [Tauba, 30]
Be entrusted to Allah.
Dr. Ismail Ulukus